Brief History of Har-Megiddo
Hebrew for Hill of Megiddo, this is not the first time Har-Megiddo has been placed on the map for its theological significance (nor will it be the last). Located in the Jezreel Valley in Northern Israel, it is today a modern settlement. In ancient times it was an important city state in a strategic location. It sat at the head of a narrow pass that served as a key trade route between the allied lands of Egypt and Assyria. It was a crossroads of several major routes and due to its critical geography it has seen its share of battles and its share of history.
A common practice was simply to build a city on top of the ruins of a previous occupation. The city of Megiddo has seen destruction and reconstruction many times, and currently twenty main levels have been identified, dating back to settlements in the early 4th millennium.
In 15th century BC, a battle at Megiddo was fought between Egypt and Canaan. Historically, this battle is accepted as the first to be 'reliably' documented. In it, the Egyptians drove back the Canaanite forces into the city of Megiddo where the Egyptians laid siege. The city held out upwards of seven months, but ultimately fell to the Egyptians who looted the city but spared its structures and its citizens.
In about 1037 BC King Solomon took the throne, and during his reign he built upon the City of Megiddo.